Liberating Philosophy: An End to the Dichotomy of Spirit and Matter
The concept of spirituality is amply interpretable. It has been identified with the transcendent and supernatural, but also with the immanent and natural. It has been associated with the mental and intellectual, but also with bodily feel ing and passion. It has been considered the “besouling” or animating principle, but also to be other-worldly or beyond life. It is often regarded as of positive moral value, but it can be perverted to evil ends. It is most commonly opposed to the material. But even this claim is problematic, for some theories regard matter and spirit as continuous or even as merely aspectival. Matter becomes spirit as it flows from the indefinite infinite into the “utterly subtle.” The notion that matter complexified or rarefied becomes spirit has been one of the classic alternatives to philosophical dualism.