chapter  2
57 Pages

The Soviet Collective Security Proposal and ASEAN Reactions

The Soviet collective security proposal signified the beginning of a period of increased in te re s t in the development of political relations with the governm ents of a v ery wide area of Asia. It dem onstrated the ex ten t to which Soviet policy em­ phasised the value of sta te to s ta te relations as a p rio rity over support for Communist parties in the effort to remove Western and Chinese influence from Asia, It also indicated th a t a new e ra in Soviet Asian policy had been in augura ted . The K hrushchev period of ru le had shown th a t political and economic ties with T hird World sta tes need not actually resu lt in lasting benefits for the Soviet Union and were subject to the volatilities of T hird World political forces. The ideological underp inn ing used du ring the K hrushchev period , the notion of the non-capitalist pa th of developm ent, had not met the expectations vested in i t . The idea of a collective grouping for Asia, however, was in tended to a ttra c t T hird World in te re s t because it appeared to remove the ideological ex­ pectation th a t political development in T hird World countries should conform to Soviet design. Collective security was an adjustm ent to the policy failures of the K hrushchev e ra to accommodate d iverse T hird World nationalisms and political in te re s ts . Long-term expectation of benefit, how ever, was based on the attem pt to utilise T hird World nationalism by making the requisite deference to independence th a t was inheren t in the idea of collective secu rity . Implementation of the proposal would isolate T hird World regions from American and Chinese influence and the conditions would be promoted for the domestic transform ation of political system s th a t had always been a feature of Soviet T hird World policy.