Stage 2 is metaphysical, during which these wills are depersonalised, and essences or forces (such as the force of nature) are used to explain phenomena: ‘metaphysical’ means in a general sense the system of
first principles and assumptions underlying an inquiry of a philosophical nature;
Stage 3 is positive or scientific, and is the final development: at this stage men and women accept that
understanding of the events they experience are best achieved through the processes of inductive and deductive reasoning;
in a sense this combines the methodology of the empiricists and rationalists – see chapter 3.