chapter  4
25 Pages

Location of Economic Activities in Cities

This chapter is devoted to making sense of the geographical needs of firms and the way land is allocated within cities in support of these locational requirements. In mixed economies this is accomplished via the property market, with government agencies intervening to make sure that outcomes are in the public interest. Forms of intervention in cities include strategic planning, land use zoning and building regulations. The intention is to concentrate on the spatial patterning of economic activities that forms in cities under capitalist market conditions. This means setting aside land assignment in precapitalist and medieval cities, or in socialist cities. The urban geographer James Vance provides good coverage of the practices adopted at the time in precapitalist and medieval cities (Vance 1971).