Dublin: property development and planning in an entrepreneurial city
Geographical expansion facilitated the continuing onslaught on the city’s insanitary and densely occupied slums. As inner-city population densities fell, a shift in the residential location of the workforce took place. The development of suburban industrial estates tapped into this suburbanizing labour force, with manufacturing and wholesaling operations relocating from congested inner-city environments to more readily accessible new premises. Planners encouraged this process, permitting a reorganization of inner-city functions. However, the relocation of industrial plants from the inner city and shrinking employment in the port hit the employment base of the predominantly blue-collar communities. Entry into the European Economic Community in 1973 brought intensiﬁed competition for Irish industry, while the 1980s brought economic stagnation. By the late 1980s, inner-city unemployment rates exceeded 35 per cent.