chapter  8
36 Pages


Today, mental health workers are examining the relationship between spiritual well-being and physical and psychological wellness (Benner, 1988). But, as Ganje-Fling and McCarthy (1996, p. 253) noted, "At present there is no generally agreed on definitions of spirituality." lung (1958) likened spirituality to an "inner transcendent experience." Frankl ((1978) emphasized the innate human need to find meaning in life. Gilchrist (1992) defined spirituality as "what individuals hold sacred to their lives, what is most important to them at the essence of their being. It is a context for understanding things" (p. 12). Pate and Bondi (1992) likened it to "a view of one's place in the universe" (p. 108).