chapter  11
A Critique of the Theory of Individual Psychology
Pages 14

Nothing is perfect. As we have attempted to detail throughout this work, striving to be perfect can be a neurotic goal that is unattainable and typically serves to alienate others. Individual Psychology is not perfect and Adler himself, like all of us, made mistakes, not only as a person but as a theorist. What he created has stood the test of time remarkably well, but not without having been subjected to much criticism, not all of it unjus-

tified. We will not concern ourselves with some of the more obvious points which Adler overstated, for we are more interested in the scope of his thought than the details. For example, as we briefly discuss in Chapter 9, Adler (1956) viewed dreams as problem -solving functions that were concerned with the future (i.e., where we are expecting to go or be in the immediate future), not as attempts to fulfil infantile wishes. In general, this is becoming increasingly accepted (e.g., French, 1952). However, he also commented that healthy individuals no longer dreamed because they had the courage to solve their problems during the day (Adler, 1929/l964b). That simply is not true. Adler overstated his case.