GENDER AND GENITALS: CONSTRUCTS OF SEX AND GENDER
The ways scientists conceptualize nature, the questions they ask about it, and the answers they accept as plausible or true are inevilably grounded in the beliefs they share with the wider cu lture of which they 3rc a part. The resulting preconceptions and biases, though often unconscious and unacknowledged, are usualJy mosl blatanr in rela tion to questions that involve the interplay of biology and society, hence to most questions to do with human biology and medicine. They are especially prevalent, but also particularly well <.:onccaled, when it comes to our understandings of sex and gender, since in Western societies sex and sex diffcrem;cs aTC linchpins o f the way we conceptualize ourselves and our I;ulture.