TRANSCENDING AND TRANSGENDERING: MALE-TO-FEMALE TRANSSEXUALS, DICHOTOMY, AND DIVERSITY
Fillidity and discolllimlity are central to the reality in which we live. -Mary Catherine Bateson, 1989, p. 13
The berdache traditions documented globally have uptured the anthropological imagination as testimony to the complexity and diversity of gender, offering serious challenges to scientific paradigms that (o"f1ate sex and gender. This complexity is reiterated in Euro-American gender variance among those who have come to identify themselves as preoperative, postoperative, and nonsurgical transsexuals, as well as male and female cross-dressers and transvestites.