chapter  23
10 Pages

A PROCESS MODEL OF SUPPORTIVE THERAPY FOR FAMILIES OF TRANSGENDER INDIVIDUALS

The psychotherapy li terature is replete with descriptions of parents, partners, and orher family members of the full spectrum of transgender individuals. The articles reviewed offer little help to therapists working with either the transgender person or the family. Psychodynamic explanations implicating the ro le of the mother's pathology, along with a colluding father, are o ffered as theories of the etiology of transsexualism (Lothstein, t 979; Stoller, 1985). Other discussions in the li terature include male-To-female transsexuals' perceptions of {heil parents (Parker & Barr, 1982), fe male-co-ma!c transsexuals' perceptions of their parents (Cohen-Kettenis & Arrindell , 1990), treatment for parents (Newman, 1976), a comparison of parental and interpersonal relationships berween transsexual and homosexual men (Sipova & Brzek, \983), and the role of maternal grandmothers in carly childhood (Halle, Schmidt, & Meyer, 1980).