Representation and Access of Derived Words in English: Lorraine K. Tyler, Rachel Waksler, and William Marslen-Wilson
ISSUES To comprehend a spoken utterance, listeners need to map the speech input onto representations of lexical form and content in their mental lexicon. When the word they are hearing is morphologically complex, what are the properties of these representations? Is the word represented as a full form, or in terms of some type of morphologically decomposed representation (Butterworth, 1983; Henderson, 1989)? In answering this question we need to distinguish between what we can call the access representation and the lexical entry. We take the lexical entry to be the modality-independent core representation of a word's syntactic and semantic attributes, as well as its abstract phonological properties. The access representation, in contrast, is modality-specific and constitutes the perceptual target for lexical access either in the visual or in the auditory domain.