chapter  15
19 Pages

Further constraining stress

This chapter discusses Hayes’ (1995) revised metrical theory on the basis of the stress patterns of the languages discussed in Chapter 14, and illustrates how stress can be accounted for in Optimality Theory. Section 15.2 discusses the three basic metrical units (the syllabic trochee, the iamb and the moraic trochee) of Hayes’ (1995) stress theory. The notion of catalexis is introduced, and it is shown that compared with the analyses in the previous chapter destressing rules are no longer needed. After that, in section 15.3, foot-based segmental rules are briefly discussed. Section 15.4 addresses the relation between stress and morphology. Finally, section 15.5 shows how stress is accounted for in Optimality Theory.