Treatment and Prevention of the Impact of Exposure
The following discussion in this chapter focuses on treatment provided to family members after the crisis phase has passed. For discussion of advocacy and crisis intervention more immediately after a battering incident, or when a family initially enters a shelter, see Arroyo and Eth (1995), Hughes and Marshall (1995), Lehmann and Carlson (1998), and Rosenberg and Rossman (1990). In addition, it must be noted that few approaches have been formally evaluated. Treatment strategies that will be discussed include those with and without evaluations and will be noted as such. In addition, some discussion of variations in children's need for interventions and of innovative programs will be included.