Corroboration, Lies, Care Warnings and Identification Evidence
N Alongside these rigid rules there developed a system of informal warnings that should be given to the jury if the witness might be unreliable if their evidence did not fall into any of the categories to which the stricter rules were of application. The Criminal Justice Act 1988 (CJA) and s 32 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (CJPOA) largely abolished these common law rules. You should note that the Court of Appeal conﬁ rmed in R v Makanjuola (1995) and R v Stone (2005) that the body of case law relating to corroboration had not survived the abolition of the substantive common law rules. Thus, the discussion that is presented lends context to corroboration warnings.