Modernity and nationality
As a movement demanding national liberty in the form of sovereign, independent states, nationalism at the beginning of the twentieth century was mainly to be found among the world’s white peoples. In Central and Eastern Europe, and in various white settler colonies across the globe, people were demanding freedom from imperial domination. Elsewhere in the European empires fewer demands for independence were being made, and where they were being made they were often voiced by a minority of educated people who had been strongly influenced by European values. It was noticeable that such activists tended to view the future development of their countries as being along European lines (Hobsbawm, 1995: 199-204).