The traditional term adverb covers a range of words with a variety of uses. Typically, adverbs are words which do not decline and which express relations like time, place, manner and degree. They can be used:
• to qualify verbs: Sie hat ihm höfl ich geantwortet • to qualify adjectives: ein natürlich eleganter Stil • they often relate to the sentence as a whole, e.g. Er hat ihr sicher geholfen
In practice all authorities differ, sometimes quite radically, on what are to be considered as adverbs in German and how they are to be classifi ed in terms of their function. In this chapter we use a simplifi ed classifi cation for practical purposes, and this is summarised in Table 7.1.