chapter  16
Mood: the imperative and the subjunctive
Pages 24

The grammatical category of mood makes it possible for speakers to signal their attitude to what they are saying, in particular to indicate whether what they are saying is to be understood as a fact, a possibility or a command. The different moods of the verb are shown by special endings or forms. German has three moods:

• The indicative mood states a fact • The subjunctive mood indicates a possibility or a report • The imperative mood expresses a command

Indicative Subjunctive Imperative

sie ist sie kauft sie kam sie ist gewandert

sie sei sie kaufe sie käme sie würde wandern

sei! kaufe! kommt! wandern Sie!