We believe we have found a new approach to the problem of masochism. The description of several as yet unappreciated characteristics which are never missing in any case of masochism has crystallized out of long-continued observations which have been tested time and again in new situations. The psychological comprehension and description of these three characteristic features is a fruit of empiricism and a result of unprejudiced investigation. This achievement was independent of previous analytical views as to the nature of masochism. Any psychological observer —the nonpsychoanalytical as well—can convince himself of their existence by carefully studying and critically testing the details of the phenomena.