chapter  6
20 Pages

Henrik Ibsen, 1828–1906

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the institutions as well as the mores of society have come completely under the control of the middle class, and its ethos is challenged only by a handful of European artists and intellectuals. English utilitarianism now states this ethos of unmitigated progress in the most optimistic form conceivable: the good of the individual is identical with the good of society.