chapter  2
21 Pages

Anticipation, Adaptation, and the Concept of Culture in Anthropology

ByJohn W. Bennett

Anthropology, a field of study dealing with both physical and behavioral aspects of the human species, is not an integrated discipline like biology, but rather a congeries of topics held together by descriptive interests. Since most of these topics concern prehistoric or living humans outside the confines of European civilization, a scholarly discipline formed around them. Although anthropologists have repeatedly claimed that their field is the only one to seek a universal science of humanity, this objective has been slow to mature. This failure has been attributed to various characteristics of anthropology that stem from the diversity of its subject matter. 1