Anti-Castroism began before Castro became 'Maximum Leader'. The Revolutionary Directorate and the Second Front of Escambray, two insurrectional groups of the same origin that challenged the July 26 Movement's claims to leadership in the anti-Batista struggle, could not be pro-Castro, due to Fidel's divine attitude. Anti-Castroism, as seen through propaganda's eyes, appeared to be the refuge of Batista's henchmen and millionaires, but it has been the continuation of the anti-Batista ideology scheme based on a deeply rooted liberal tradition: reformist currents directed by men from middle social levels. The truly original element in the anti-Castro struggle has been the appearance of rural guerrillas, who operated autonomously, without the leadership of the urban elite. The most vigorous anti-Castro groups were formed by revolutionary dissidents. The idea of the Bay of Pigs, like the support for the Movement of Revolutionary Recuperation, was an erroneous, sectarian, and selfish prolongation of the CIA's viewpoint.