chapter  5
62 Pages

Theory and Direction in Research Designs

ByMarvin K. Opler

EVOLUTION is a process by which specific kinds of integration, of matter, of life, or of culture, undergo transformations from one type to another. In each realm, physical, organic, or cultural, we speak of this process as a generic one. We do not, for example, refer to various evolutions in the organic world from Paramecium to Aunt Polly. Nor do we confuse the process that produced Aunt Polly with the process that produced the physical world she inhabits, or the cultural world she may, more or less, participate in as she lives her life. Thus we do not talk of various kinds of cultural evolutions to explain social and behavioral developments along the human pathway from hunting and gathering to atomic energy. The process is one.