Mutual Aid and Authority
Having a Real Say and the Group’s Need for it Authority and Group Development Helping the Group Exercise its Say Along Humanistic as well as Democratic Lines Mutual Aid and Oppression Group-Specific Skills for Decentralizing Authority and for Helping Maintain a Democratic-
Active Participation in the Helping Process Approach to Authority Authority Central Authority Commitment Community Consensus as a Decision-Making Method Decentralized Authority Democratic-Humanism (Glassman 2009) Group Development Having a Real Say Laissez-Faire Mutual-Aid Character One of the Gang (Kurland and Salmon 1993) Self-Determination Voting As a Decision-Making Method Worker as Leader Worker as Partner Anti-Oppression Social Work/Anti-Oppressive Social Work
Exercise 8: The Look of Authority in a Mutual-Aid System (requires preparatory reading beyond this text)
Appendix A: Mutual-Aid Dynamics and Their Related Skills Appendix J: Skills for Decentralizing Authority
Generally speaking, issues of authority present interesting food for thought in practice with groups. To the extent that a mutual-aid system must have the privileges and responsibilities of managing its own affairs, however, as Gertrude Wilson and Gladys Ryland (1949) stated it, issues of authority may be said to present essential food for thought (see, for example, Galinsky and Schopler 1977; Konopka 1983; Kurland and Salmon 1993; Lang 1986; Middleman and Wood 1990a; Newstetter 1935; Northen and Kurland 2001; Schwartz and Zalba 1971; Shulman 2011; Trecker 1955; Wilson and Ryland 1949).