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Introduction

In our General Introduction, we briefly defined “sociotechnical codes” as those that self-consciously seek to make simultaneous and symbiotic changes in both the technical and social realms. This is to say that sociotechnical code-makers understand that any technical code also has social as well as environmental consequences, whether we intend them or not. If we accept the empirical evidence in support of this claim, it suggests that code-makers should design codes to have technical as well as desirable social and ecological impacts. It also suggests that citizens should hold them accountable to do so.