chapter  6
20 Pages

Germany and the eastern enlargement of the EU

These issues are particularly well suited for an analysis of German support for multilateral principles, including generalized principles of conduct and diffuse reciprocity. Demands for long transition periods for the establishment of full freedom of movement of labor and decisions by the old member states and the European Commission to exclude the new member states from some agricultural subsidies aroused suspicions in the new member states that the EU was only willing to offer a “second class membership.” If such charges were true, this would be incompatible with the multilateral principle of generalized principles of conduct. Furthermore, a number of academic analysts, such as Bulmer et al., claim that

Germany is . . . not . . . pursuing its interests on specific issues on a caseby-case basis. . . . Rather, Germany has pursued, in a more strategic sense, broad-based and diffuse milieu goals, directed at shaping wider conditions of inter-state interaction and, above all, cooperation beyond national boundaries.1