This chapter examines the conflicting claims of parental role in conception and their impact on the self and gender construct. I argue that neither the Qur’mn nor the .adåth establishes male superiority in reproduction. There is no specific verse that categorically declares male superiority in reproduction; likewise, no verse signifies the inferiority of women in conception. The Qur’mn depicts the parental roles in reproduction in a complementary manner in that men and women produce the generative self in the form of sperm and egg (the material causes necessary for generation) and explains how those materials develop in the womb of the mother. The Qur’mn also views the roles of male and female in conception as equal: unless they both contribute to procreation, reproduction would be impossible.