chapter  1
33 Pages

Boundary, territory and war

Throughout his tory, phys ical terrain, polit ical fiat and conquest have divided the world into inde pend ent states and polit ical entities. The result is the man-made and sometimes arbit rary or even imposed bound ar ies. Until now, there have been over 300 inter na tional land bound ar ies, which stretch over 250,000 km, and separate over 200 inde pend ent states and dependencies, areas of special sover eignty, and other miscel lan eous entities of the world. At the same time, maritime states have claimed limit lines and have so far estab lished over 100 maritime bound aries and joint de velopment zones to alloc ate ocean resources and to provide for national secur ity at sea.1