chapter  5
15 Pages

The art of avoiding war

There is no excuse for launching a war. As long as pos sible, every nation should avoid bloody wars.

5.2.1  The art of avoiding war flowchart

Often, things get bad, but not bad enough to generate conflicts and wars. These situ ations can move from tense and hostile to conciliatory, given the right influence and the right attitude. Different levels of coopera tion can be applied for moving cross­ border conflict. Here are some tips for de­ escalating the conflict in a pos it ive dir ec tion. Specifically, they range from “no coopera tion” (here, it is defined as “Level 1”) to “full coopera tion” (here, it is defined as “Level 5”), as follows:

Level 1 No cooperation (1.1) Hostility and armed conflict (1.2) Possible actions with negat ive cross­ border impacts (1.3) No communication between staff of adjoining areas

Level 2 Communication (2.1) Information sharing (2.2) Irregu lar low­ level meetings (2.3) Notification about actions with negat ive cross­ border impacts

How will boundary and territorial disputes not end up in war? Overall, the dispute res olu tion schemes (i.e. fair division scheme, joint management scheme, inter na tional peace park, neutral zone, buffer zone and demilitarized zone, which have been discussed in Chapter 3), and the settlement­ negotiation techniques (i.e. the round table talk, third­ party medi ation, inter na tional arbit ra tion, litigation at inter na tional court and the shelving disputes strat egy, which have been discussed in Chapter 4), can be combined as an in teg rated, user­ friendly flowchart (see Figure 5.1). Figure 5.1 presents a step­ by­step roadmap for territorial dispute res olu tion and conflict management. So whenever a boundary and territorial dispute is induced, let us begin this journey by de veloping a trusting and cooperative spirit through the step­ by­step implementation of nego ti ations, medi ation and arbit ra­ tion. Even though it is a quite costly and time­ consuming pro cess to go through all of the steps illus trated in this flowchart, it is the right dir ec tion toward the peaceful settlement of territorial disputes. At the very least, the more time that is consumed in the pro cess of territorial dispute settlement, the longer it is the war to occur(and the less likely), and, nat urally, the more oppor tun ities there are to sustain the peace. So don’t give up, and try each node of this flowchart!