Metropolitan New Jersey: transportation, sprawl and urban revitalization
The end of the Second World War released pent-up demand for new housing in the United States. Fishman (2000) describes how government housing programs, new highways, and other government programs promoted suburban development. Deindustrialization and then civil unrest of the 1960s increased middle-class suburbanization. Post-war transportation increasingly became automobile-oriented. Rates of car ownership doubled, or more, in major American cities such as Boston, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and even mass-transit-oriented New York City. Automobile use increased even more in the newly formed auto-dependent suburbs (Roberts 1999).