chapter  7
20 Pages

An international liberal community

Americans have always wanted to stand for something in the world. As liberals, we have wanted to stand for freedom, when we could. In recent times, both Republicans and Democrats have joined in this cause. In 1982 President Ronald Reagan announced a “crusade for freedom” and “a campaign for democratic development.” In the 1988 presidential campaign, Vice President George Bush endorsed the “Reagan Doctrine.” Governor Michael Dukakis repeated President John F. Kennedy’s pledge to “pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, [and] oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty.” Since then, President Bush has ordered an invasion of Panama and announced as a “plain truth: the day of the dictator is over. The people’s right to democracy must not be denied.” 1 He then justifi ed the invasion as a way to protect U.S. citizens, arrest Manuel Noriega, and bestow democratic freedom to the people of Panama.