chapter  6
33 Pages

Inverting and Subverting the World with Hope: The Fairy Tales of George MacDonald, Oscar Wilde, and L. Frank Baum

Toward the latter part of the nineteenth century the discourse on proper socialization through fairy tales received a jolt. Whereas Perrault, the Grimms, Andersen, some imitators like Benjamin Tabert, Felix Summerly, Gustav Holting, Ludwig Bechstein, and a host of other writers legitimized the

normative standards of civilité through their symbolic constructs, confi gurations, and plots of their tales, a new trend became visible in the Anglo-Saxon world, namely, in Great Britain and the United States, which refl ected sharp criticism of traditional child rearing and the rationalized means of discipline and punishment employed to make children into good and responsible citizens.