Judaism under Islam in the Middle Ages
Muhammed declared that those who refuse to heed this message would be destroyed except for Jews and Christians who had passed on the revelations given in the Torah and the gospels. These early revelations, Muhammed believed, were superseded by a new revelation which God had transmitted to him as his prophet. In 622 M u h a m m e d left Mecca and settled in Yathrib, 280 miles to the north. After a number of conflicts with the Meccans, Muhammed and his supporters re-entered Mecca in 630. By 632 - when M u h a m m e d died - the shrine of Mecca was purified of pagan deities and became the chief holy centre of the religion Muhammed founded.