chapter  7
14 Pages

Modernity and urban utopias: the early Bauhaus

Direct lessons from the past are difficult to infer. In our era of rapid trans - formation, what happened in the past is rarely a guide to the present or a model for the future. The English novelist L. P. Hartley reminds us that, “The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there.” The further back in the past, the more foreign. However, there are echoes and resonances that can inform our thoughts and influence our practices. Walt Whitman once remarked that “History does not repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”