chapter  2
72 Pages

The flow of immigrants, 1727–1835

For the late colonial and early republican periods, German-American historiography is driven by the magnitude, variance, and timing of German immigration.1 For Germans arriving through the port of Philadelphia, the quantifiable contents of surviving ship manifests from 1727 through 1835 are used to describe this immigration. The magnitude and origins of this migration, why Germans chose Pennsylvania, and the causes of the variance in this migration over time are explained. Aspects of the migration experience, such as the length of the journey, the season chosen for migration, and the availability of transatlantic shipping services, are also addressed.