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The scoring of the accuracy of the recalls was done by the writers themselves; that is, after completing the recall, each writer was shown his or her essay and asked to indicate the correctness of what they remembered. In other words, each writer did his or her own scoring by indicating the accuracy of their recalls. This procedure made sense because I was interested in the writers' own sense of text, rather than in how an outside reader would objectively score the recalls. For each point in the essay, writers gave a letter score for their recall of that point. The scoring rubric is shown in Figure 5.2. Measures were taken of both time to recall and accuracy of the recall. Due to an error in conducting one subject's recall session, the final number of subjects was reduced to nine.