chapter  2
19 Pages


The establishment of a Roman colony at Pompeii in about 81 bc was undertaken with the view to the punishment of the town’s citizens who had resisted Rome’s general, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, in the Social War eight years earlier (App., BC 1.39; Vell.Pat. 2.16.2; Orosius 5.18.22 = B1, B2, B4). Land and property would have been taken from the Pompeians and granted to the incoming Roman citizens (Lo Cascio 1996; Zevi 1996 on the process). The situation was reported some nineteen years later as a con ict between the colonists and the Pompeians, with their identities still represented as separate entities (Cic., Sull. 60-62 = B15). There was also con ict between them over voting rights and an ambulatio, perhaps a portico (see Berry 1996: 254-6 for interpretations of this ambiguous text). The public spaces of the city were reshaped to incorporate the colonists and to create a series of spaces that could have been seen as new or different to what had existed previously. This restructuring of the city’s facilities was underwritten by new money coming into the city.