Unlike the antidumping and countervailing measures, safeguard measures are not directed against any unfair trade practice. Their aim is to provide respite to the domestic industry faced with competition from increased imports. This is why safeguard measures are called a fair trade remedy. In such a situation determination of increase in imports becomes important because too much leniency in its determination may make the WTO obligations a mockery. At the same time too rigid rules may make recourse to safeguard measures an impossible job. While the Safeguards Agreement does not lay down any rule for the determination of increase in imports, Panels and the Appellate Body have tried to develop certain standards in this regard.