chapter  1
Evolution of safeguard measures
Pages 17

Article XIX, or the ‘escape clause’ as it is called, owes its origin to the United States of America. The first escape clause was contained in the 1943 accord between the United States and Mexico, a trade agreement negotiated pursuant to the Reciprocal Tariff Act of 1934.2 It said:

If, as a result of unforeseen developments and of the concessions granted on any article enumerated and described in the Schedules annexed to this Agreement, such article is being imported in such increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten serious injury to domestic producers of like or similar articles, the Government of either country shall be free to withdraw the concessions, in whole or in part, or to modify it to the extent and for such time as may be necessary to prevent such injury.