chapter  7
15 Pages

Discrimination and Competition among Recent Immigrants

The results of the previous chapter suggest that enclave and non-enclave places of work effect occupational attainment, and that national origin partially determines both the amount of discrimination faced in the labor market and the expected returns to human capital for immigrants who have spent more than five years in the labor market. However, as immigration has increased precipitously in the last decade and immigrant flows from Latin America have become sizeable, scholars have recognized the importance of examining short term immigrant economic adaptation outcomes as well as longer term outcomes. This chapter explores occupational attainment among recent Latin American immigrants in Latino enclaves, Asian enclaves, and non-enclave places.