chapter  1
11 Pages

Latino Immigrants and Ethnic Enclaves

The changing composition of immigrant flows to the United States in the last half century has forced sociologists to reevaluate classical assimilation theory. Many researchers today doubt the ability of Latin American immigrants and their offspring to move through the same educational and occupational channels that Eastern European immigrants did in order to achieve economic success commensurate with average white Americans (Alba, 1990; Borjas, 1986; Denton & Massey, 1988; Glazer, 1993; Kao & Tienda, 1995; Portes & Bach, 1985; Portes & Zhou, 1995; Waldinger, 1993; Wallace, 1986). As a consequence, scholarly interest is increasing in adaptation barriers and alternative forms of economic attainment for these immigrants.