chapter  5
37 Pages

Italy and the Mediterranean in the Power-Political Calculations of German Naval Leaders, 1919–45

Like many studies on aspects of German and European history in the period between the end of World War I and the disaster of 1945, an analysis of the long-term objectives formulated by the German naval leaders1 corroborates the precise - though shortened - thesis by Fritz Fischer that, in the end, it was the non-acceptance of the defeat suffered in 1918 that led to the disaster of World War II.2 One could even say that the Navy surpassed most of the other conservative elites in Germany in not only working for a revision of the results of the war but also in fostering the will to repeat the attempt3 which had failed in World War I: to secure the position of a world power for the German Reich.4