chapter  3
Origins and development
Pages 18

In his recently-published book on ‘cinema in Xiamen’, Hong Buren (2007: 79-80) discusses some of the early antecedents of the Amoy-dialect film industry. Hong has uncovered the existence of at least one (silent) film, based on a Hokkien opera, which was made as early as 1926 in Shanghai, presumably for exhibition in southern Fujian. He also confirms that a Hokkien opera film (with sound) was made in 1933, although exhibition of this latter film ran into difficulties owing to over-zealous Nationalist censors at a time when commercial entertainment in regional dialects was frowned upon in Nanjing (Xiao 1999).1