General Education under Khrushchev
The principal element in the Soviet educational structure is the ‘general’ school. It was established in roughly its present form in the early 1930s, and grew rapidly in size. During the later Stalin years, however, it underwent comparatively little change of structure or function. It was in a sense natural that Khrushchev, on coming to power in 1953, should have viewed it as being in need of urgent reform. His tenure of office as First Secretary of the CPSU, from 1953 to 1964, marked a very agitated period in its history.