Low- and Middle-Grade Technical Schools
Vocational training of different kinds is an essential aim of educational systems in all advanced societies. Before the Revolution, as I have mentioned, Russia had a variety of schools and courses for this purpose. During the first months of Bolshevik power there was a great deal of contention about what should be done with them, for the broad reach of the new unified labour school was thought by many to render them superfluous. However, in June 1919 Lenin signed a decree setting up a department for professional (that is, vocational) and technical education in the Narkompros; and thereafter their right to a separate existence was beyond question.