Corporate And Foundation Giving
Corporations and foundations have a long and complex history of providing support for institutions of higher education. Depending on societal factors, they have focused attention on higher education or looked away to other causes, such as worldwide disease or the arts. In the case of historically Black colleges and universities, corporations and foundations have a sordid past. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, industrial philanthropists, who owned the corporations and established most foundations, supported HBCUs but did so with considerable strings attached to this support. For the most part, they pushed industrial education, which emphasized manual labor, on African Americans. This push was based on their need for a semi-skilled labor class to work at their companies (Anderson, 1988). Black intellectuals at the time, including W.E.B. Du Bois, were heavily critical of the support of HBCUs by these industrial philanthropists, pointing to their ulterior motives.