chapter  6
22 Pages

Harmony and Counterpoint

The effects of communication media are polarized in education as in politics and the arts; and analysts in each of these areas use similar methods for examining them. As the cubists analyzed their art forms into their component parts and synthesized them in new forms, so educators have analyzed the formal elements of their craft, and developed principles for their use. Like the constructivists in art, they have designed diverse technologies. One particular group of artists, the Futurists, developed the foundations for this multimedia world, developing the ‘divisionism’ technique of analyzing light and color into dots and stripes (1910). In their Manifesto of the Futurist Painters (1910), the Italian artist Umberto Boccioni and his colleagues criticized conventional art for not fully representing the dynamism of the world. Instead of celebrating “old canvases, old statues and old bric-a-brac,” they said, it should express:

the tangible miracles of contemporary life-the iron network of speedy communications which envelops the earth, the transatlantic liners, the dreadnoughts, those marvelous fl ights which furrow our skies, the profound courage of our submarine navigators and the spasmodic struggle to conquer the unknown.2