The Roman Conquest of Italy
In Chapter 12 we saw that Roman expansion in Italy began, after a long period of stagnation in the fifth century, with the capture of Veii in 396 BC. Although the Gallic raid held things up for a time, the next fifty years witnessed the gradual spread of Roman power in central Italy, the growth of Rome's territory and an increase in the size of her population. The wars of 343-338 caused this process to accelerate dramatically, and made possible the phenomenal expansion of the succeeding half century, in which the Romans extended their sway over the whole peninsula. The period was dominated by the struggle between Rome and the Samnites, which began in 343 BC.