chapter  5
12 Pages

Development and Protection of the Gulf of Aqaba

The Red Sea is a long, narrow body of water separating northeast Africa from the Arabian peninsula. Its nearly 2000 km. of navigable waters connect at the south with the Indian Ocean and almost join the Mediterranean Sea at the north of the Gulf of Suez. The Red Sea has been an important trade route throughout recorded human history, linking the produce of India and the Far East with the historical markets of Egypt, the Classical world, and Europe. When Ferdinand de Lesseps completed the Suez Canal in 1869, the connection became direct, and the Red Sea is now one of the most important shipping routes in the world. At its northern part, the Red Sea has two narrow extensions resembling two horns: The Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba.