In the wake of the breakthroughs in the bilateral negotiations between Israel and, respectively, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Jordan, for the first time the interaction between Arabs and Israelis has the potential to be dominated by cooperation rather than conflict. While there has always been an Arab-Israeli dialogue, in the past it was dominated by rejection and antagonism. Indeed, not only did Arabs and Israelis rarely talk openly with each other, they barely talked at each other. Rather, due to their mutual rejection, words and actions were directed either at domestic or extra-regional audiences. This was as true of unofficial and private meetings as it was at the official level.