chapter  10
Teaching in schools in challenging circumstances
Pages 14

It is very likely that these schools have other characteristics in common also. Almost certainly, schools facing challenging circumstances will share most of the following features:

• They will have a history of low levels of academic achievement, with most of the pupils they serve doing badly when judged by 'raw' examination results (though value-added data suggests that some of these schools are very effective). Very often, the prior attainment of pupils is low due to under-achievement in feeder primary schools.